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PORTSIDE  December 2010, Week 3

PORTSIDE December 2010, Week 3

Subject:

Corporate America's Plan to Loot Our Pensions- The Latest Battle

From:

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Date:

Mon, 20 Dec 2010 20:09:17 -0500

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text/plain (298 lines)

Corporate America's Plan to Loot Our Pensions is the
Latest Battle in Decades-Long Assault on the Middle
Class

While the safety net is being withered by attrition,
record corporate profits are deemed off-limits for
discussion about closing the budget gap.

by Arun Gupta

AlterNet

December 18, 2010

http://www.alternet.org/economy/149226/corporate_america%27s_plan_to_loot_our_pensions_is_the_latest_battle_in_decades-long_assault_on_the_middle_class_/

The severe economic crisis, now in its fourth year, is
being used to batter the remnants of the social welfare
state. Having decimated aid to the poor over the last
30 years, especially in the United States, the economic
and political elite are now intent on strangling
middle-class benefits, namely state-provided pensions,
health care and education.

The initial neoliberal assault under Ronald Reagan and
Margaret Thatcher reorganized the capitalist economy
and hammered private-sector unions into submission.
This was accomplished by putting labor back into
competition with itself by off-shoring industrial
production, through deregulation and with frontal
assaults on labor rights, organizing and solidarity.

Similarly, the current attack is a two-pronged effort
to reorganize state social services, either by
eliminating or privatizing them, and decimate
public-sector unions whose workers provide those
services. While the safety net is being withered by
attrition, police and spying agencies are getting more
powers and funding, and the wealth of the super-rich
and record corporate profits are deemed off- limits to
taxation to close any government budget gap.

Simply put, the elderly are superfluous to capitalism.
With high rates of joblessness the "new norm," more and
more people are being made disposable. This leads to an
efficient if brutal logic: cutting old-age income and
health care will make it easier to scrap old, useless
workers. In fact, this reality is already coming to
pass. One study published in 2008 found that over a
16-year period life expectancy had declined for many
poor American women - precisely those who are
disproportionately represented among the elderly
heavily dependent on Social Security and Medicare.

Slashing social services affects everyone by increasing
the pool of workers desperate for any sort of paying
job, pushing down wages and benefits. This will all be
pushed under the rubric of "personal responsibility,"
and it will probably be successful as long as
opposition is weak and divided. The main beneficiaries
will be the super-wealthy who gain both from tax cuts
as the social sector is chopped up and higher corporate
profits as wages and benefits are slashed more deeply.

The attack on pensions is mainly occurring in the West
and those countries close to its orbit. So while the
United States, Greece, Ireland, Japan, France, Turkey,
Spain, Poland and Latvia have been cutting or trying to
squeeze state-run pensions, others such as Bolivia,
China and Venezuela have been increasing funding of
old-age pensions in recent years (though within these
countries the picture is more complicated because
social spending may be declining overall and inflation
increasing).

The Right has stridently opposed Social Security since
it was enacted in 1935, but the modern attack on
pensions originated during the Reagan-Thatcher era.
While he proposed making Social Security voluntary
during the 1964 Goldwater campaign, when he reached
office Reagan temporarily froze cost-of-living
adjustments, raised the future retirement age to 67,
taxed benefits of higher-income earners, made it more
difficult for the disabled to claim benefits and forced
the self-employed to pay 100 percent of payroll taxes.
Then under Clinton, according to some economists,
inflation was understated to suppress cost-of-living
adjustments, resulting in benefits that should be 50
percent higher than the current average of $1,072 a
month. Thatcher and Tony Blair formed the same one-two
punch as Reagan and Clinton, but they went further by
partially privatizing much of the state-run pension
system.

The second historical component is the current crisis,
which is severely widening the economic chasm.
According to the New York Times, corporate profits
"have grown for seven consecutive quarters, at some of
the fastest rates in history," hitting a record of
$1.66 trillion on an annual basis. Taking advantage of
Federal Reserve and U.S. Treasury monies, Wall Street
has notched record profits over the last two years. And
the top one percent actually increased their share of
the wealth through the end of 2009.

As for the overall economic picture, industrial
production is back to where it was in 2000 and the
all-important capacity utilization rate - which
measures how much of existing manufacturing plants are
actually operating - is below 75 percent, compared to a
level above 80 percent before the crash. This is like
saying more than one-fourth of factories are idle. The
trade deficit is at 3.7 percent of the gross domestic
product. Only 874,000 jobs were created during the
first 10 months of 2010, well short of the 1.2 million
needed to keep up with population growth, and some
260,000 state workers lost their jobs during this
period, leaving 7.5 million fewer jobs than when the
recession began.

The household picture is even grimmer: family income
shrank more than 4 percent in 2008 and 2009; the
official poverty rate of 14.3 is the highest since
1994; 13.5 percent of home mortgages are in delinquency
or foreclosure; the percentage of people receiving
health insurance through their employer has dropped by
13 percent over the last decade and the real
unemployment rate -- the "U6 rate" which includes those
who have given up looking for work -- is at 17 percent.
Household debt stands at 118 percent of after-tax
income.

Most economists say there are really only four sources
of potential growth in our economy: consumer spending,
business investment, trade and government. As the data
above indicates, the first three are on life support,
while the Obama White House bungled the stimulus plan,
helping the right in discrediting government
intervention, which is still the only remaining option.
These economic conditions prevail throughout the West,
which is the backdrop for the global assault on pension
plans. Thus the conclusion is stark: there is no
functioning engine to drive economic growth.

With so much idle productive capacity, the bromide of
giving tax breaks to spur business investment is little
more than throwing away money. With American families
drowning in debt, getting smacked with rising
healthcare costs, having lost $15.8 trillion in wealth
and fearing joining the armies of unemployed, they are
incapable of pulling the economy out of its funk with
increased consumption. Increased trade is one
possibility, which would require a weaker dollar to
make U.S. exports more competitive. But, as Paul
Krugman points out, this is opposed by Republicans who
believe continued economic decline will enhance their
electoral chances in 2012. Despite investment money
pouring into the BRIC countries - Brazil, Russia, India
and China - agricultural commodities and precious
metals, these markets are too narrow and shallow to
form a new asset bubble, such as the ones in tech and
housing that fueled economic growth for nearly two
decades. And in any case, we know how well those
bubbles worked out.

When business investment, consumption, trade, debt and
speculation all falter, that leaves government as the
only sector that can revive a capitalist economy. But,
as I first pointed out in December 2008, the Obama
administration knew the stimulus was almost certain to
fail because the downturn was sapping a staggering $1
trillion a year from the economy at that point, while
the plan offered a relatively meager $787 billion. Of
that, only $600 billion of stimulus money was spent in
the last two years and, according to Paul Krugman, more
than 40 percent of that was in tax breaks that tend to
offer the least bang for the buck. So in early 2009,
faced with an economy leaking 7 percent of the GDP a
year, Obama offers a plan that plugs 1 to 2 percent a
year.

In the final equation, the Obama stimulus only covered
some of the shortfall in state and local budgets. But
that money is drying up, and that, to a large degree,
is the reason state services and workers are now under
attack.

But now we are in for more bloodletting of social
services and government workers because the failed
stimulus has legitimized the establishment hysteria
over the federal debt. Debt matters but the simplest
way to reduce it is by a combination of economic growth
and inflation. This is what happened to U.S. debt after
WW2, which peaked at about 120 percent of GDP, far more
than today even with the economic depression and
bailouts. Instead, the right is pushing policies that
may result in a worst-case scenario. Cutting spending
and taxes -which Obama has endorsed - could lead to
further economic contraction and deflation. This will
make federal debt payments doubly onerous because tax
revenues will shrink as the dollar strengthens.

There is another solution to reviving the economy
without piling on debt: tax the wealth of the elite.
According to economist Rick Wolff, "high-net-worth"
Americans have around $12 trillion in investable
assets, which excludes the value of their homes. A 13
percent wealth tax would wipe out the entire 2010
federal budget deficit of $1.56 trillion while doing
little to crimp the economy because this money is
literally lying around.

Yet Obama never seriously considered even the Keynesian
policy of debt-driven financing for national re-
industrialization because he was the darling of Wall
Street - and number one recipient of its dollars - for
his unwavering support of the Bush bailout in September
2008 and by taking counsel from Larry Summers and Tim
Geithner during the campaign. Once in the White House
Obama shunned jobs programs on a massive enough scale
to revive the economy because the indirect method of
debt-driven financing would shore up benefits, wages
and labor bargaining power, thus cutting into corporate
profits, while the direct financing method, taxing the
rich, would mean they would have to pay for programs
that would eventually cut into their profits.

The Obama administration has consistently fought for
policies that involve weakening labor -- such as its
attacks on auto workers and teachers and the cynical
gesture of calling for a freeze on the pay of federal
workers- driving down wages, letting unemployment rise,
and squeezing social services and benefits, all to
transfer more wealth upward.

The wealthy have profited three times off the crisis:
from the bubble itself, during the bailouts and from
government bonds sold to them to pay for the bailouts.
Putting pensions on the chopping block would give them
a fourth opportunity to profit off the same crisis.

If debt is a problem, then bondholders should take a
haircut because they took the risk. Of course, that's
not how capitalism works. So, in the case of Social
Security, which has nearly $2.6 trillion in its trust
fund and can meet ALL obligations through 2037 even
assuming no changes are made, the plan is to raid it to
pay off bondholders.

That's why a crisis is being manufactured. Obama's deal
to reduce payroll tax by two percentage points will
pilfer an estimated $120 billion from the trust fund
that will supposedly be paid back by revenues from the
general treasury. This means the deficit will increase,
feeding into the fabricated panic over Social Security
and debt.

For any country, cutting pensions is disastrous to
long-term economic health. In the United States, Social
Security accounts for 40 percent of the income of the
population over 65 and nearly 50 percent for women in
this group. It would also leave more people in the
workforce as older workers delay retirement. Because
the elderly tend to spend their benefits right away, on
housing, food, transportation and medical services this
means less demand and lower economic activity. And
combining all this with trying to crush public workers
also means more unemployed, less tax revenue and a
shrinking economy.

It all adds up to a recipe for a depression. Two
conclusions are inescapable: Obama is far more Herbert
Hoover than FDR, and change will only come from
creative independent movements instead of marching into
the tomb of the Democratic Party

[Arun Gupta is a founding editor and the publisher of
The Indypendent newspaper. He is writing a book on the
politics of food for Haymarket Books.]

___________________________________________

Portside aims to provide material of interest to people
on the left that will help them to interpret the world
and to change it.

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