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November 2018, Week 2

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 		 [Nine new representatives will boost Congress’ African American
membership to a record-high of at least 55.] [https://portside.org/] 

 THE NINE NEW DEMOCRATIC BLACK CONGRESS MEMBERS COME FROM HEAVILY
WHITE DISTRICTS  
[https://portside.org/2018-11-14/nine-new-democratic-black-congress-members-come-heavily-white-districts]


 

 Peter Dreier 
 November 12, 2018
The American Prospect
[http://prospect.org/article/nine-new-democratic-black-congress-members-come-heavily-white-districts]


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 _ Nine new representatives will boost Congress’ African American
membership to a record-high of at least 55. _ 

 Democratic Representative-elect Lauren Underwood, who defeated of
four-term Republican incumbent Randy Hultgren on November 6,
campaigning in Lindenhurst, Illinois, AP Photo/Teresa Crawford 

 

The blue wave had some black riders. Every African American Democrat
in the House running for re-election in this year’s midterms won his
or her race.  In addition, voters sent nine new black members, all
Democrats, to Congress. As a result, the number of black House members
will grow to an all-time peak
[http://amsterdamnews.com/news/2018/nov/08/nine-new-black-members-congress-elected-us-house/] of
55, even if, as appears possible, both black Republicans(Utah’s Mia
Love and Texas’ Will Hurt) lose their seats.  

What’s unusual about the nine new members is that all of them
prevailed in predominantly white and mostly suburban districts. Five
of the nine are women. 

For most of the 20th century, there were few black members of
Congress. In 1950, only two African Americans (William Dawson of
Chicago’s South Side and Adam Clayton Powell of Harlem) served in
the House. The civil rights movement and the 1965 Voting Rights Act
led to a significant upsurge of black office holders. By 1970, the
number of blacks in the House had grown to ten and by 1990 it reached
25
[https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20180426_RL30378_d8e6be7344918c57d5452f6521548fe546bb5911.pdf].  

Then and now, most black Congress members represent majority-black
districts, although some today represent districts where blacks and
Latinos form the majority.Of the 47 current Black members in Congress,
only six represent districts where whites represent at least half of
the population.  

Despite the white racism that President Trump has both fostered and
uncovered, it is also clear that a growing number of white Americans
will support black candidates. In 1958, when the Gallup poll asked
Americans if they would vote for a black person for president, only 38
percent said yes. That number grew to 77 percent in 1978 and 96
percent in 1997. Of course, telling that to a pollster is not the same
thing as pulling a voting lever for a black candidate. But evidence
indicates that more and more white voters are walking the walk, not
just talking the talk.

Each of the nine new black Congressional members focused on local
issues, but also stressed their opposition to the toxic Trump and ran
on the number one issue for Democrats this year—the Republicans’
threat to repeal the Affordable Care Act.

Lucy McBath’s victory was perhaps the most stunning upset. She
defeated Republican incumbent Karen Handel in Georgia’s Sixth
District in the Atlanta suburbs that was once represented by Newt
Gingrich and where 61 percent of residents are white and only 14
percent are African American. McBath became a reluctant public figure
in 2012 when her 17-year old son Jordan was shot dead at a Florida gas
station by a white man who complained about loud music. McBath became
a gun control activist, quickly becoming national spokesperson for
Moms Demand Action. She decided to run for Congress after the mass
shooting at the Parkland, Florida high school in February. In April
2017, Jon Osoff, a little-known Democrat and first-time candidate,
laid the groundwork by giving Handel a close race
[https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/why-did-democrats-ossoff-and-parnell-lose-their-congressional_us_5949ea31e4b0d799132a15dd] in
a special election to represent the district. He lost by a 52 percent
to 48 percent margin. McBath won her race —by a 50.5 percent to 49.5
percent margin—in part by improving on Osoff’s outreach to African
Americans and by drawing on the anti-Trump sentiment among women. 

Almost as shocking was Lauren Underwood’s defeat of four-term
Republican incumbent Randy Hultgren in a district once represented by
Republican former House Speaker Dennis Hastert. A 32-year-old
registered nurse, she had served as a senior advisor in the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services during the Obama
administration. She has a pre-existing heart condition and decided to
run for office for the first time after Hultgren voted to repeal the
Affordable Care Act. Two years ago Hultgren won with 59 percent of the
vote in what was considered a safe Republican district, in Chicago’s
affluent suburbs, where 79 percent of residents are white and only 3
percent are black. In what was obviously racially coded language,
Hultgren described Underwood as an “outsider,” even though she
grew up Naperville in the heart of the district. But Underwood
unseated him by a 52 percent to 48 percent margin.

Antonio Delgado, a  Harvard Law School graduate and Rhodes scholar,
had to overcome race-baiting efforts to brand him as a “big-city
rapper”
[https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/01/nyregion/antonio-delgado-rapper.html] to
win this seat. New York’s 19th Congressional District, which is 85
percent white and only 4.5 percent black, has long been considered a
safe Republican bastion in the state’s upstate Hudson Valley and
Catskill region. Two years ago, first-time candidate Republican John
Faso defeated well-known progressive activist and scholar Zephyr
Teachout with 54 percent of the vote, while Trump beat Clinton by 51
percent to 44 percent. This year, Delgado won 50 percent of the vote
to Faso’s 47 percent.

George W. Bush’s new Congressman will be Colin Allred. Texas's 32nd
congressional district encompasses Dallas’ northeast suburbs,
including Preston Hollow, Bush’s home since he left the White
House. Vice President Mike Pence and Donald Trump Jr. traveled to the
district to campaign for Republican Representative Pete Sessions, who
has served in Congress since 1997 and was chair of the powerful House
Rules Committee, but he still lost to Allred, who grew up in Dallas,
attended Baylor University, and played linebacker for the NFL’s
Tennessee Titans. Allred left his football career to earn a law degree
from the University of California at Berkeley. He worked in the Obama
White House, at HUD, and in the U.S. Attorney’s office in Maryland,
then returned to Dallas to work as voting rights lawyer for
Battleground Texas. Whites comprise half of the district’s
population and blacks only 13 percent. In 2016, Sessions had no
Democratic opponent. This year, Allred defeated Sessions by a 52
percent to 46 percent margin.

Come January, llhan Omar will join Michigan’s Rashida Tlaib as the
first Muslim women elected to Congress. She replaces Democrat Keith
Ellison, who left Congress to run successfully for Minnesota attorney
general. Raised in Somalia, Omar and her family fled the country in
1991 during its civil war and spent four years in a refugee camp in
Kenya. In 1995, when she was 15, they moved to the United States,
settling in Minneapolis. She learned English in three months,
graduated from high school and college, and began a career in
Minneapolis as a community nutrition educator, while helping run
several candidates’ campaigns for city council and state
legislature. While working for  as Director of Policy & Initiatives
for Women Organizing Women Network, which advocates for women from
East Africa, she was elected to the state legislature in
2016—the first Somali American legislator in the nation—where she
pushed for a $15 minimum wage and subsidizing higher education costs
for low-income students, among other progressive issues. Comprising
part of Minneapolis and its suburbs, the district’s population is 64
percent white and 17 percent black. The 37-year old Omar won this safe
Democratic district with 78 percent of the vote.

Jahana Hayes, the first African American elected to Congress from
Connecticut, grew up in public housing projects in Waterbury.

Jahana Hayes, the first African American elected to Congress from
Connecticut, grew up in public housing projects in Waterbury. In
2016, as a history and government teacher at Kennedy High School in
Waterbury, she was named National Teacher of the Year, which drew
considerable media attention, including a profile in _The Washington
Post_, an appearance on Ellen DeGeneres’ talk show, and an
invitation to address the National Educational Association’s annual
meeting. Connecticut’s Fifth Congressional district is comprised
primarily of affluent suburbs and small towns
[http://www.myrecordjournal.com/News/State/%E2%80%98Swing-designation-may-no-longer-fit-5th%C2%A0Congressional-District.html]in
the state’s northwestern corner, with 71 percent white residents and
only 6.5 percent black. Its voters typically support Democrats for
president and Congress. Considered a long shot to win the party
primary against a longtime local Democratic politician, Hayes, 46, won
the race with support from the Connecticut Education Association and
the Working Families Party. She emphasized her tough upbringing,
support for single-payer health care, stricter gun control, unions,
and standing up to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Hayes beat former
Meriden Mayor Manny Santos, a Republican, Marine veteran and strong
Trump supporter, for the open seat by a 56 percent to 44 percent
margin.  

Ayanna Pressley will now be the first black Congresswoman from
Massachusetts. In 1994 Pressley left Boston University to take a
full-time hotel job to support her mother, then worked for
Representative Joe Kennedy and Senator John Kerry. In 2009 she was
elected to one of the four at-large seats on the 13-member Boston City
Council, the first black women to serve in that body. Running at-large
meant that she had to appeal to voters across the city. She topped the
ticket when she ran for re-election in 2011 and 2013, and placed
second in 2015 and 2017, demonstrating her broad support, with
particular strength in Boston’s progressive white neighborhoods and
Black and Latino communities. In January of this year shesurprised
the political world by launching a primary campaign against
three-term incumbent Representative Mike Capuano, a liberal Democrat.
She shocked pundits even more when she beat Capuano, running to his
left in the overwhelmingly Democratic Seventh Congressional
District. With the support of the _Boston Globe_, the hotel workers
and the electrical workers unions, and progressive groups, Pressley
defeated Capuano by a whopping 59 percent to 41 percent margin, then
ran unopposed in the general election. Pressley’s new district is
the most diverse and urban of those carried by these nine new members,
with a population that’s 41 percent white, 26 percent black, 21
percent Latino, and 10 percent Asian, encompassing half of Boston and
several polyglot suburbs.

Joseph Neguse will be the first Eritrean-American elected to Congress
and Colorado’s first black Representative. He replaces Democrat
Representative Jared Polis, who ran successfully for governor and will
become the nation’s first openly gay state chief executive. The
Second Congressional District—which includes Boulder and Fort
Collins as well as smaller towns in the north-central part of
Colorado—is 83 percent white and only 1 percent black. Neguse's
parents immigrated to the United States from Eritrea, met and married
while living in California, and moved to Colorado when he was six. In
2006, while a law student at the University of Colorado, he founded
New Era Colorado, an organization to get young people involved in
politics. He won a seat of the University of Colorado Board of Regents
and worked as an aide to an influential state legislator. After
losing  a close race for Colorado Secretary of State in 2014 he was
appointed executive director of the state’s Department of Regulatory
Agencies by Democrat Governor John Hickenlooper. In a safely
Democratic district where Obama won 58 percent of the vote in 2012 and
Clinton beat Trump by a 56 percent to 35 percent margin, Neguse
coasted to victory this year, with 60 percent of the vote,
against Republican Peter Yu.

Forty-five year old Steve Horsford won back the Congressional seat he
lost in 2014. Nevada’s Fourth Congressional district—47 percent
white, 29 percent Latino, and 14 percent black—is a quintessential
swing district. Created in 2012, it has flipped from Democrat to
Republican to Democrat. It stretches from the north Las Vegas suburbs
across the central part of the state. Horsford grew up in Las Vegas
and was involved in student politics at the University of Nevada.
Horsford worked with Las Vegas’s powerful Culinary Workers union on
job training programs, then ran the Culinary Training Academy,
cosponsored by the union and the hotel industry.With the union’s
support, he was elected to the State Senate in 2005 and in 2009 became
thefirst African American to serve as Majority Leader. In 2012 he ran
for the newly-created congressional seat, defeating Republican Danny
Tarkanian (a perennially unsuccessful candidate and son the legendary
UNLV basketball coach Jerry Tarkanian) by a 50 percent to 42 percent
margin. Two years later, Horsford lost his seat to Republican Cresent
Hardy, who served one term before losing to Democrat Ruben Kihuen, who
did not seek re-election this year. In  a rematch, Horsford beat
Hardy by 52 percent to 44 percent. 

These nine victories reflect the political dynamics that helped the
Democrats gain a significant majority in the House this year.
Three (McBath, Underwood, and Allred) flipped traditionally GOP
districts, two (Delgado and Horsford) won in swing districts, and four
(Omar, Hayes, Pressley, and Neguse) prevailed in safe Democratic
districts.

_PETER DREIER teaches politics and chairs the Urban & Environmental
Policy Department at Occidental College. His latest book is The 100
Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame
[http://www.100greatestamericans.org/] (Nation Books, 2012)._

ARTICLES BY PETER DREIER [http://prospect.org/authors/peter-dreier]

RSS FEED OF ARTICLES BY PETER DREIER
[http://prospect.org/authors/peter-dreier/rss.xml]

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