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PORTSIDE  November 2011, Week 2

PORTSIDE November 2011, Week 2

Subject:

Half of First-Time Mothers Receive Paid Leave

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Date:

Mon, 14 Nov 2011 01:02:22 -0500

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Half of First-Time Mothers Receive Paid Leave
82% Back At Work Within One Month
Census Bureau
November 10, 2011
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/fertility/cb11-181.html

Fifty-one percent of working women who had their
first birth between 2006 and 2008 received paid
leave (i.e. maternity leave, sick leave, vacation)
compared with 42 percent between 1996 and 2000,
according to a report released today by the U.S.
Census Bureau.

This finding comes from Maternity Leave and
Employment Patterns of First-Time Mothers:
1961-2008 [PDF], a report that analyzes trends in
women's work experience before their first child,
identifies their maternity leave arrangements
before and after the birth and examines how rapidly
they returned to work.

"The last three decades have seen major changes in
the work patterns of expectant mothers," said Lynda
Laughlin, a family demographer at the Census
Bureau. "Access to paid leave makes it possible for
mothers to care for their newborns and maintain
financial stability."

The likelihood that a mother has access to paid
leave varies with age, hours worked and education.
About 24 percent of women under age 22 used paid
leave compared with 61 percent of women 25 and
older. Full-time workers were more likely to use
paid-leave benefits than part-time workers (56
percent and 21 percent, respectively). Women who
have not graduated from high school are less likely
to use paid maternity leave as women who have
graduated from college.

Other highlights:

Women are more likely to work while pregnant than
they did in the 1960s. Two-thirds (66 percent) of
women who had their first birth between 2006 and
2008 worked during pregnancy, compared with 44
percent who had their first birth between 1961 and
1965. 

Eight out of 10 (82 percent) working women who
had their first birth between 2006 and 2008 worked
within one month of their child's birth compared
with 73 percent of working women who gave birth to
their first child between 1991 and 1995. 

Older
mothers are more likely than younger mothers to work
closer to the end of their pregnancies. Sixty-seven
percent of mothers 22 and older worked into the last
month of their pregnancy, compared with 56 percent
of mothers less than age 22. 

Four out of 10 (42
percent) women received unpaid maternity leave. Both
paid and unpaid maternity leave were more likely to
be used after birth than before. 

Twenty-two percent
of first time mothers quit their jobs - 16 percent
while they were pregnant and another 6 percent by 12
weeks after their child's birth. Women who worked
during their pregnancy are more likely to return to
work within three to five months compared with women
who did not work before the birth of their first
child. 

Eight out of 10 mothers who worked during
their pregnancy returned to work within a year of
their child's birth to the same employer. About
seven out of 10 of these women returned to a job at
the same pay, skill level and hours worked per week.


Two out of 10 mothers switched employers when
returning to work. These mothers experienced greater
job changes compared with mothers who returned to
the same employer. One out of four was employed at a
new job that had comparable pay, skill level and
hours worked.

This report is one of several related to children
and families to have been released recently or that
will be released soon by the Census Bureau,
including Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their
Child Support: 2009, America's Families and Living
Arrangements: 2011, Who's Minding the Kids? Child
Care Arrangements: Spring 2010 and Comparing
Program Participation of TANF and non-TANF Families
Before and During a Time of Recession.

___________________________________________

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on the left that will help them to interpret the world
and to change it.

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